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St. Clair County Community College Library

Women in Science

Emmy Noether (1882 - 1935)

NoetherMathematician was a leader in the development of abstract algebra. Born in Germany, her father was a professor of mathematics. She earned a Ph.D. from Erlangen, and began a career in teaching and continued study in Göttingen, Germany in 1915, though at the time she was not allowed to teach courses under her own name. Her teachings inspired many students, many of whom went on to make important contributions to the field. In 1933, Noether was dismissed from her position at the college, due to her Jewish heritage, liberal views, and her gender. She was able to travel to the United States with funding from the Rockefeller Foundation, studying and teaching at Bryn Mawr and Princeton University. "Her ideas about the abstract and conceptual approach of mathematics have been spread throughout the mathematics world by her students, her admirers, and many others who had personal contact with her. In the judgment of many, she is the greatest algebraist of the twentieth century."

Source: Mac Lane, Saunders. "Emmy Noether." Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. , 2009. Accessed 19 Feb. 2019.  

Image credit: Emmy Noether (1882-1935) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

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