Cicero, Theodore J., Matthew S. Ellis, and Zachary A. Kasper. "Increases in Self-Reported Fentanyl use among a Population Entering Drug Treatment: The Need for Systematic Surveillance of Illicitly Manufactured Opioids." Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 177, 2017, pp. 101-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.04.004
This study assesses the Canadian synthetic drugs market by using multiple sources of data and three methods (georeferencing, economic modeling, and chemical composition analysis) to establish the scope, scale, and structure of synthetic drugs production in Canada, with a particular focus on the province of Quebec.
Morselli, Carlo, et al. "It Came from the North: Assessing the Claim of Canada's Rising Role as a Global Supplier of Synthetic Drugs." Crime, Law and Social Change, vol. 66, no. 3, 2016, pp. 247-270. ProQuest, https://sc4.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1821692712?accountid=41091, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10611-016-9627-5.
Williams, Phil. "The Nature of Drug-Trafficking Networks." Current History, vol. 97, no. 618, 04, 1998, pp. 154-159. ProQuest, https://sc4.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/200706048?accountid=41091.
This article will describe the evolution of the opioid trade and epidemic, examine current policies that address supply and demand reduction in the United States and abroad, and advocate the urgent need for more prevention, treatment, and interdiction efforts through interagency, inter-sectorial, and international collaboration.
Realuyo, Celina B. "The New Opium War: A National Emergency." Prism : A Journal of the Center for Complex Operations, vol. 8, no. 1, 2019, pp. 132-142. ProQuest, https://sc4.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/2196352057?accountid=41091.
Dreamland: The True Tale of America's Opiate Epidemic by Sam QuinonesFrom a small town in Mexico to the boardrooms of Big Pharma to main streets nationwide, an explosive and shocking account of addiction in the heartland of America. In 1929, in the blue-collar city of Portsmouth, Ohio, a company built a swimming pool the size of a football field; named Dreamland, it became the vital center of the community. Now, addiction has devastated Portsmouth, as it has hundreds of small rural towns and suburbs across America--addiction like no other the country has ever faced. How that happened is the riveting story ofDreamland. With a great reporter's narrative skill and the storytelling ability of a novelist, acclaimed journalist Sam Quinones weaves together two classic tales of capitalism run amok whose unintentional collision has been catastrophic. The unfettered prescribing of pain medications during the 1990s reached its peak in Purdue Pharma's campaign to market OxyContin, its new, expensive--extremely addictive--miracle painkiller. Meanwhile, a massive influx of black tar heroin--cheap, potent, and originating from one small county on Mexico's west coast, independent of any drug cartel--assaulted small town and mid-sized cities across the country, driven by a brilliant, almost unbeatable marketing and distribution system. Together these phenomena continue to lay waste to communities from Tennessee to Oregon, Indiana to New Mexico. Introducing a memorable cast of characters--pharma pioneers, young Mexican entrepreneurs, narcotics investigators, survivors, and parents--Quinones shows how these tales fit together.Dreamland is a revelatory account of the corrosive threat facing America and its heartland.
Call Number: HV5840.M4 Q56 2015
Publication Date: 2015
Illicit: How Summglers, Traffickers, and Copycats Are Hijacking the Global Economy by Moisés NaímA groundbreaking investigation of how illicit commerce is changing the world by transforming economies, reshaping politics, and capturing governments.In this fascinating and comprehensive examination of the underside of globalization, Moises Naim illuminates the struggle between traffickers and the hamstrung bureaucracies trying to control them. From illegal migrants to drugs to weapons to laundered money to counterfeit goods, the black market produces enormous profits that are reinvested to create new businesses, enable terrorists, and even to take over governments. Naim reveals the inner workings of these amazingly efficient international organizations and shows why it is so hard and so necessary to contain them. Riveting and deeply informed, Illicit will change how you see the world around you.
Call Number: HV6252 .N35 2006
Publication Date: 2006
U. S. Border Security by Judith A. WarnerThis text provides an integrated view of post-9/11 security concerns over the United States's shared border with Mexico and Canada in regards to terrorism, unauthorized migration, drug and arms smuggling, and other illegal trade. * Presents a chronological overview of the major historical and contemporary events impacting the U.S.-Canada and U.S.-Mexico borders, as well as the development of trilateral and international security concerns * Includes a bibliography providing academic sources and a chapter of books, peer-reviewed journals, and video/DVD resources * Glossary contains terminology for border security, unauthorized immigration, terrorism, drug and arms smuggling, and cross-border trade studies * A chapter of biographical profiles describe the key players in politics, homeland security agencies, and criminal organizations
Call Number: HV8139 .W37 2010
Publication Date: 2010
Chasing Dragons: Security, Identity, and Illicit Drugs in Canada by Kyle GraysonCanada has received significant attention of late for initiating a government-sponsored medical marijuana program and for its flirtation with marijuana decriminalization. At best, these initiatives have contributed to Canada being seen as a reluctant ally by Washington, and, at worst, as a potential threat. The result of this impression is increasing American pressure to adopt more robust domestic security policies. At the same time, the Canadian public sees itself as holding unique values that differ from those held by its neighbour to the south. Supposedly these values are best reflected by a distinctive security outlook which produces reasonable responses to potential threats, a sharp contrast to the manic actions of the United States. Chasing Dragons challenges these presumptions of difference and exposes the security politics and policy that they make possible. Focusing on the issues surrounding illicit drugs, Kyle Grayson examines how discourses and practices of security policy actually contribute to the construction of Canadian national and cultural identity. This analysis is also relevant beyond Canada. Crucially, this book identifies the dangers of underestimating the centrality of race and geopolitics to civic conceptions of nationality in liberal societies. Chasing Dragons reconsiders the meaning of security. Additionally, it discusses avenues for resisting the insecurity produced by liberal states in the post-9/11 world. This critical approach reveals the pervasiveness of power in contemporary Canadian society, how this power is hidden, and the consequences for progressive social politics.
Publication Date: 2008
Drug Trafficking, Organized Crime, and Violence in the Americas Today by Bruce M. Bagley (Editor); Jonathan Rosen (Editor)In 1971, Richard Nixon declared a war on drugs. Despite foreign policy efforts and attempts to combat supply lines, the United States has been for decades, and remains today, the largest single consumer market for illicit drugs on the planet. This volume argues that the war on drugs has been ineffective at best and, at worst, has been highly detrimental to many countries. Leading experts in the fields of public health, political science, and national security analyze how U.S. policies have affected the internal dynamics of Mexico, Colombia, Bolivia, Peru, Brazil, Argentina, Central America, and the Caribbean islands. Together, they present a comprehensive overview of the major trends in drug trafficking and organized crime in the early twenty-first century. In addition, the editors and contributors identify emerging issues and propose several policy options to address them. This accessible and expansive volume provides a framework for understanding the limits and liabilities in the U.S.-championed war on drugs throughout the Americas.
Publication Date: 2015
Emerging Perspectives on Substance Misuse by Willm MistralEmerging Perspectives on Substance Misuse addresses theoretical, practice and policy issues with regard to the problematic use of alcohol and illegal drugs. Comprises chapters from some of the most internationally well-known academics and practitioners representing a range of different specializations and perspectives in the field Presents a wide range of emerging evidence-based perspectives Includes content relevant for researchers, practitioners, and policy makers who work with individuals or policy related to drug and alcohol misuse Areas covered include - gender and substance use, working with children and families of substance misusers and the emerging recovery movement.
Publication Date: 2013
The Encyclopedia of Drug Abuse by Esther Gwinnell; Christine AdamecDrug abuse is a longstanding and painful problem that can lead to devastating effects for users, addicts, and their families and friends. Studies show that a large percentage of junior high and high school students have been exposed to, or have experimented with, illegal drugs. The most commonly abused drugs are alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine, but as trends change, new drugs become more and more popular. Abuse of methamphetamines and prescription drugs is currently on the rise, and though anti-drug messages are distributed widely, young people continue to try drugs for the first time every day.With approximately 200 entries, ""The Encyclopedia of Drug Abuse"" covers the full range of illegal and legal drugs and how they impact society. Taking a global perspective, this new title looks at the worldwide drug trade and the effects of drug abuse in countries and cultures around the world, as well as in the United States. This comprehensive reference examines various types of drugs and how they function, risks, causes and consequences of abuse, social issues, psychiatric issues, means of prevention, law enforcement efforts, and drugs in special social groups. Appendixes provide statistics, directories of helpful groups and organizations, and resources for further research.Topics include: accidental overdose deaths; barbiturates; club drugs; drug dependence; gangs and drugs; narcotics; opiates; pregnancy and substance abuse; prescription drug abuse; treatment; and, violence.
"United States Attorney Matthew Schneider is proud to announce the establishment of the Southeast Michigan Regional Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force (OCDETF) Strike Force. This is an unprecedented step to co-locate so many federal as well as state and local resources to address the unique challenges in the southeast Michigan region."
Dolly, Pressley B., and Robin Bartlett. "Harm Reduction Strategies: Imperatives and Implications for Nurses." Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services, vol. 57, no. 6, 2019, pp. 4-5. ProQuest, https://sc4.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/2234475748?accountid=41091
Addressing opioid use disorder has become a priority in Ontario, Canada, because of its high economic, social and health burden. There continues to be stigma and criticism relating to opioid use disorder and treatment options.
Morin, Kristen A., et al. "The Opioid Crisis: Past, Present and Future Policy Climate in Ontario, Canada." Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention and Policy, vol. 12, 2017. ProQuest, https://sc4.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1960946024?accountid=41091, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13011-017-0130-5.
Nadelmann, Ethan, and Lindsay LaSalle. "Two Steps Forward, One Step Back: Current Harm Reduction Policy and Politics in the United States." Harm Reduction Journal, vol. 14, 2017. ProQuest, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12954-017-0157-y.
Recent research has begun to explore the transition from nonmedical use of prescription opioids (POs) to heroin and injection drug use, adding to earlier literature identifying factors that influence the transition from intranasal to injection use of heroin. However, little research has explored how these transitions are embedded within young people's broader opioid use trajectories – individual pathways that may also include experiences of nonfatal overdose and drug treatment.
Guarino, Honoria, et al. "Young Adults' Opioid use Trajectories: From Nonmedical Prescription Opioid use to Heroin, Drug Injection, Drug Treatment and Overdose." Addictive Behaviors, vol. 86, 2018, pp. 118-123. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306460318303629
Unbroken Brain: A Revolutionary New Way of Understanding Addiction by Maia SzalavitzMore people than ever before see themselves as addicted to, or recovering from, addiction, whether it be alcohol or drugs, prescription meds, sex, gambling, porn, or the internet. But despite the unprecedented attention, our understanding of addiction is trapped in unfounded 20th century ideas, addiction as a crime or as brain disease, and in equally outdated treatment. Challenging both the idea of the addict's "broken brain" and the notion of a simple "addictive personality," Unbroken Brain offers a radical and groundbreaking new perspective, arguing that addictions are learning disorders and shows how seeing the condition this way can untangle our current debates over treatment, prevention and policy. Like autistic traits, addictive behaviours fall on a spectrum - and they can be a normal response to an extreme situation. By illustrating what addiction is, and is not, the book illustrates how timing, history, family, peers, culture and chemicals come together to create both illness and recovery - and why there is no "addictive personality" or single treatment that works for all. Combining Maia's personal story with a distillation of more than 25 years of science and research, Unbroken Brain provides a paradigm-shifting approach to thinking about addiction.
Call Number: RC564 .S975 2016
Publication Date: 2016
Critical Approaches to Harm Reduction: Conflict, Institutionalization, (de-)politicization, and Direct Action by Christopher Smith; Zack Marshall (Editor)This book is divided into three sections. Entitled Critical Harm Reduction Policy: From Oppositional Social Movement to Institutionalised Public Health Policy, Part One encompasses a diverse array of issues relating to the cost/benefit analysis of harm reduction as measured in the terms of institutionalisation and (de-)politicisation. Part Two, Critical Harm Reduction Practice: Autonomy, Ideology, and Evidence-Based Interventions, consists of several concrete case studies concerning harm reduction practice in an array of (non-)traditional contexts. Comprised of a unique series of chapters that each interrogates a different issue relating to the philosophical underpinnings of harm reduction, Part Three is entitled Critical Harm Reduction Theory/Philosophy: Depoliticisation, Direct Action, and Drug/Service Users' Experiential Knowledge. Although the emphasis of each section and corresponding set of chapters is remarkably diverse, several themes remain prominent throughout this book, including an overtly critical analysis of the multiplicity of contextual deployments of harm reduction, a recurring focus on elevating the value of experiential knowledge and the fundamentally important, central role of people with direct lived experience. Additionally, the centrality of direct action tactics in the innovation of user-based forms of harm reduction in policy, practice, and philosophically-based contexts are discussed.
Publication Date: 2016
Harm Reduction: A New Direction for Drug Policies and Programs by Patricia G. Erickson (Editor); Diane M. Riley (Editor); Yuet W. Cheung (Editor); Pat A. O'Hare (Editor); Patricia G. Erikson (Editor)Since the First International Conference on the Reduction of Drug-Related Harm, held in 1990, the term 'harm reduction' has gained wide currency in the areas of public health and drug policy. Previously the field was characterized by heated struggle between prohibition and legalization of addictive substances, and this debate tended to obscure practical, collective approaches. Harm reduction, an approach which encompasses various policy directives and program initiatives was inspired by the positive outcomes of such public measures as needle-exchange programs for reduction of HIV risk, methadone maintenance programs, education on the risks of tobacco use, and programs designed to limit alcohol consumption. The essays in this book illustrate the scope and vigour of the emerging harm reduction model. The essays, drawn from seven international conferences on harm reduction, cover a wide variety of topics, including public policy, women and reproductive issues, the experiences of special populations, human rights; defining and measuring harm, and intervention. Researchers and practitioners will benefit from the varied papers in the volume, which combine insights into policy-making and front-line outreach efforts with comprehensive conceptual and empirical approaches. Harm Reduction represents an important initiative in making academic work accessible and useful to a larger community, and provides guidance for the development of effective policies and programs.
Publication Date: 2014
Harm Reduction in Substance Use and High-Risk Behaviour by Diane Riley (Editor); Richard Pates (Editor)Harm Reduction is a philosophy of public health intended as a progressive alternative to the prohibition of certain potentially dangerous lifestyle choices. Recognising that certain people always have and always will engage in behaviours which carry risks, the aim of harm reduction is to mitigate the potential dangers and health risks associated with those behaviours. Harm Reduction in Substance Use and High-Risk Behaviour offers a comprehensive exploration of the policy, practice and evidence base of harm reduction. Starting with a history of harm reduction, the book addresses key ethical and legal issues central to the debates and developments in the field. It discusses the full range of psychoactive substances, behaviours and communities with chapters on injecting, dance drugs, stimulant use, tobacco harm reduction, alcohol use and sex work. Written by an international team of contributors, this text provides an essential panorama of harm reduction in the 21st century for educators and researchers in addiction and public health, postgraduate students and policy makers.
Publication Date: 2012
The Life of the Heroin User: Typical Beginnings, Trajectories and Outcomes by Shane DarkeHeroin is a worldwide scourge and a seemingly intractable one. The Life of the Heroin User: Typical Beginnings, Trajectories and Outcomes is the first book to apply a biographical approach to the lifecycle of the heroin user from birth until death. Chapters address each stage of the user's life, including childhood, routes to use, the development of dependence, problems arising from addiction, death and options for treatment and prevention. Drawing on over two decades of experience in the field of opiate research, Shane Darke examines major theoretical approaches to the development of opiate dependence and the efficacy of treatment options for opiate dependence. Key points are presented at the end of each chapter. The most detailed review available of what is likely to happen to the dependent heroin user, this is an important book for clinicians, researchers and students in the fields of drug and alcohol studies and public health.
Publication Date: 2011
Addictions, Substance Abuse, and Alcoholism by Salem Press Editors (Editor)The Second Edition contains 425 alphabetically arranged essays on a variety of topics, including substances of abuse, treatment and addiction overviews, organizations and foundations dedicated to treatment and prevention, physiological and psychological issues and behaviors, trends and statistics, and social contexts and concerns related to substance abuse and treatment such as advertising and media influence, aging, ethnicity, and children and substance abuse.
To advance the field of harm reduction, the investigators designed a two-phase participatory research project. First they conducted qualitative research with drug users in a large urban harm-reduction program to develop culturally appropriate outcome measures . Second, they used these measures to evaluate the effectiveness of the program.
Rogers, Susan J, and Terry Ruefli. “Does harm reduction programming make a difference in the lives of highly marginalized, at-risk drug users?.” Harm reduction journal vol. 1,1 7. 1 Jun. 2004, doi:10.1186/1477-7517-1-7
Kennedy, Mary C., M.A., and Thomas Kerr PhD. "Overdose Prevention in the United States: A Call for Supervised Injection Sites." American Journal of Public Health, vol. 107, no. 1, 2017, pp. 42-43. ProQuest, https://sc4.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1853308633?accountid=41091, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2016.303523.
Community-based organizations, health care institutions, and local and state agencies have begun to train and equip potential nonmedical bystanders to recognize and reverse overdose events using first aid techniques and emergency supplies of naloxone.
The aims of this study are to: (1) identify the role of network ties to support implementation of a community pharmacy enhanced services network, (2) describe how these network ties are formed and maintained, and (3) compare the role of network ties among high- and low-performing community pharmacies participating in an enhanced services network.
Turner, Kea, et al. "The Role of Network Ties to Support Implementation of a Community Pharmacy Enhanced Services Network." Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy : RSAP, 2018. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S155174111830086X
The Addiction Solution: Treating Our Dependence on Opioids and Other Drugs by Lloyd SedererA groundbreaking examination of addiction from a psychiatrist and public health doctor, offering practical, proven solutions for individuals, families, and communities dealing with substance use and abuse. Written with warmth, accessibility, and vast authority, The Addiction Solution is a practical guide through the world of drug use and abuse and addiction treatment. Here, Lloyd I. Sederer, MD, brings together scientific and clinical knowledge, policy suggestions, and case studies to describe our current drug crisis and establish a clear path forward to recovery and health. In a time when so many people are affected by the addiction epidemic, when 142 people die of overdoses every day in the United States, principally from opioids, Sederer's decades of wisdom and clinical experience are needed more than ever before. With a timely focus on opioids, Sederer takes us through the proven essentials of addiction treatment and explains why so many of our current policies, like the lingering remnants of the War on Drugs, fail to help drug users, their families, and their wider communities. He identifies a key insight, often overlooked in popular and professional writing about addiction and its treatment: namely, that people who use drugs do so to meet specific needs, and that drugs may be the best solution those people currently have. Writing with generosity and empathy about the many Americans who use illicit and prescribed substances, Sederer lays out specific, evidence-based, researched solutions to the prevention and problems of drug use, including exercise, medications, therapy, recovery programs, and community services. In this challenging time, The Addiction Solution provides practical help, comfort, and hope.
Call Number: RC564.29 .S43 2018
Publication Date: 2018
Something Dangerous: Emergent and Changing Illicit Drug Use and Community Health by Merrill SingerThis research-based, theory-driven account of the changing underground world of drug use and associated health effects covers the essential ground in a brisk, authoritative fashion. After a thorough outline of the nature and history of drug use dynamics, the author assesses the role of youth in new drug use practices, the impact of illicit drug distribution and the war on drugs, and the public health risks of new trends in drug use behavior. The volume provides an up-close, ethnographic account of the social worlds of drug sellers and users and the processes of change in patterns of drug consumption. Additionally, it considers mechanisms for effective public health responses to emergent health risks associated with changing drug use patterns.
Community Treatment of Drug Misuse by Nicholas SeivewrightMethadone has been used successfully as a substitution agent for heroin dependency for more than 30 years. As a result of its success, other effective methods of treatment have been neglected. Established as a key text on all treatment options for drug misusers, Community Treatment of Drug Misuse: More Than Methadone has been highly praised for its practical orientation based on a solid research background. For the second edition, all the main evidence-based and more pragmatic treatment approaches are reviewed, not only in the management of opiate dependence, but across the range of drugs. It focuses extensively on developments in the last few years as a result of policy initiatives and research findings, including coverage of buprenorphine treatment, the systematic treatment of cocaine abuse and work with special patient groups. This is of direct relevance to medical as well as non-medical practitioners undertaking clinical work in the addictions.
Publication Date: 2009
Implementing Evidence-Based Practices in Community Corrections and Addiction Treatment by Faye S. Taxman; Steven BelenkoCommunity corrections programs are emerging as an effective alternative to incarceration for drug-involved offenders, to reduce recidivism and improve public health and public safety. nbsp;Since evidence-based practice is gaining recognition as a success factor in both community systems and substance abuse treatment, a merger of the two seems logical and desirable. But integrating evidence-based addiction treatment into community corrections is no small feat--costs, personnel decisions, and effective, appropriate interventions are all critical considerations. nbsp; Featuring the first model of implementation strategies linking these fields, Implementing Evidence-Based Practices in Community Corrections and Addiction Treatment sets out criteria for identifying practices and programs as evidence. The book's detailed blueprint is based on extensive research into organizational factors (e.g., management buy-in) and external forces (e.g., funding, resources) with the most impact on the adoption of evidence-based practices, and implementation issues ranging from skill building to quality control. With this knowledge, organizations can set realistic, attainable goals and achieve treatment outcomes that reflect the evidence base. nbsp; Included in the coverage: Determining evidence for "what works." Organization change and technology transfer: theory and literature review. The current state of addiction treatment and community corrections. Unique challenges of evidence-based addiction treatment under community supervision. Assessing suitability of evidence-based practice in real-world settings. A conceptual model for implementing evidence-based treatment in community corrections. nbsp; Implementing Evidence-Based Practices in Community Corrections andnbsp;Addiction Treatmentnbsp;is a breakthrough volume for graduate- and postgraduate-level researchers in criminology, as well as policymakers and public health researchers.
Publication Date: 2011
Methadone Maintenance Treatment in the U. S. : A Practical Question and Answer Guide by Wendee J. Wechsberg (Editor); Nancy D. Berkman (Contribution by); Amy E. Roussel (Contribution by)The abuse of heroin and other opiates is a serious and growing public health problem. According to the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, an estimated 166,000 Americans use heroin. In addition, 4.4 million use opiate pain relievers (including Vicodin, Percodan, Percocet, and OxyContin) without a prescription. Abuse of legal pain relievers represents a growing category: in 2004, approximately 2.4 million Americans abused prescription pain relievers for the first time. In total, about 1.9% of Americans are abusing illegal or legal opiates. Furthermore, opiate dependence is increasing worldwide, and significantly exacerbating the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has been the primary form of treatment for opiate dependence in the U.S. for over 40 years. It involves providing drug abusers with a less addictive opiate (methadone) in a clinical setting, and then gradually tapering the methadone dosage. While on methadone, patients receive counseling and other medical treatments (i.e. hepatitis screening) as needed. The ability to provide all of these treatments in one location has made MMT the most effective treatment for opiate dependence to date. In the United States alone, there are more than 1,200 MMT programs, with an estimated staff of 20,000, serving more than 200,000 patients annually yet, to date, there has been no comprehensive, user-friendly professional reference book on these programs. This book fills the gap. It is written for a diverse audience, including clinicians, program administrators, substance abuse treatment researchers, and other health service professionals who want to learn about all aspects of MMT. Policy makers interested in establishing new programs, domestically and internationally, will find the information useful. The book offers insights into the effectiveness of methadone, and the characteristics of successful methadone treatment programs (budgets, services, staff, etc.), as well as regulation and accreditation issues. The information presented is based on a study of nearly 150 MMT programs in 15 states. About RTI International RTI International is dedicated to conducting research and development that improves the human condition by turning knowledge into practice. With a staff of more than 2,500, RTI offers innovative research and technical solutions to governments and businesses worldwide in the areas of heatlh and pharmaceuticals, education and training, surveys and statistics, demographic governance, economic and social development, advanced technology, energy, and the environment. The second largest independent nonprofit research organization in the United States, RTI maintains nine offices in the U.S., five internationally, and one international subsidiary, as well as project offices around the world. This book fills the gap. It is written for a diverse audience, including clinicians, program administrators, substance abuse treatment researchers, and other health service professionals who want to learn about all aspects of MMT. Policy makers interested in establishing new programs, domestically and internationally, will find the information useful. The book offers insights into the effectiveness of methadone, and the characteristics of successful methadone treatment programs (budgets, services, staff, etc.), as well as regulation and accreditation issues. The information presented is based on a study of nearly 150 MMT programs in 15 states.
"This paper argues that substance abuse interventions in distressed African-American communities must be culturally-tailored and incorporate a framework targeting changes in both individual behavior and the community. "
Windsor, Liliane Cambraia, and Vithya Murugan. “From the Individual to the Community: Perspectives about Substance Abuse Services.” Journal of social work practice in the addictions vol. 12,4 (2012): 412-433. doi:10.1080/1533256X.2012.728115
Previous research has identified several prominent legal and extralegal variables and their effect on sentencing outcomes. However, only a few states have been subjected to critical or scholarly analysis. With the focal concerns perspective in mind, the current study examines 399 male defendants convicted on federal drug trafficking charges in the state of Michigan during 2006.
Iles, Gale, et al. “Assessing the Relevance of Legal and Extralegal Factors in Felony Drug Sentencing: The Case of Michigan.” Criminal Justice Studies, vol. 24, no. 3, Sept. 2011, pp. 291–306. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/1478601X.2011.592730.
Clark, Nicholas, Kate Dolan, and David Farabee. "Public Health Alternatives to Incarceration for Drug Offenders." Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, vol. 23, no. 3, 2017, pp. 222-230. ProQuest, https://sc4.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1912916907?accountid=41091.
Recent interest in increasing access to substance abuse treatment for drug-involved offenders has been spurred by concerns over expanding prison and jail populations, high recidivism rates for drug-involved offenders, and the close link between illegal drug use and criminal activity.
Belenko, Steven, et al. “Recidivism Among High-Risk Drug Felons: A Longitudinal Analysis Following Residential Treatment.” Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, vol. 40, no. 1/2, Dec. 2004, pp. 105–132. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eue&AN=507884010&site=ehost-live&scope=site.
Drugs and Society by Jefferson M. Fish; Jefferson Fish (Editor)The focus of this edited collection is a thoughtful multidisciplinary presentation of past and present U.S. drug policies and whether they are winning the so-called war on drugs (they aren't!). For the great majority of ills ascribed to drugs are actually caused by the black market created by drug prohibition; the more successful the war on drugs is in making the drug trade a dangerous business, the greater are the profits from increased prices, and hence the greater the incidence of disease, corruption, social disorder, and death. Drugs and Society provides individuals with the information they need to construct an alternative policy.
Call Number: HV5825 .D813 2006
Publication Date: 2005
Treating Substance Abusers in Correctional Contexts by Nathaniel J. Pallone (Editor); Letitia C. PalloneGet the latest information on new and emerging modalities for treating drug-involved offenders! Treating Substance Abusers in Correctional Contexts: New Understandings, New Modalities analyzes the shift in policy and attitude away from two decades of the harsh punishment that characterized the war on drugs toward a more treatment-oriented "medicalization" of the problem. Edited by Dr. Nathaniel J. Pallone, editor of the Journal of Offender Rehabilitation (Haworth), the book presents an overview of new and emerging models for treatment of drug-involved offenders in a variety of settings. An international panel of authors examines the "rather treat than fight" approach to the war on drugs proposed by the voters of California, the Governor and criminal court judges of New York, and Gen. Barry McCaffrey, former Director of the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy. Treating Substance Abusers in Correctional Contexts looks at treatment modalities available to offenders inside and outside correctional institutions, with community organizations and mental health and social service agencies enlisted in a continuum of care as the courts and criminal justice system provide oversight--and often, funding. The book explores types of treatment that operate under the surveillance of courts and the criminal justice system, ranging from in-house programs for offenders under confinement in prisons and jails to residential substance abuse treatment (RSAT) and substance abuse treatment (SAT) programs in the community. Through qualitative, exploratory, and descriptive studies, outcome assessments, event-history analysis, and intensive interviews, the book examines recovery relapse prevention, rehabilitation, diversion, therapeutic justice, and the impact of prison-based substance abuse treatment programs. Treating Substance Abusers in Correctional Contexts also examines: the impact of deterrence versus rehabilitation on recidivism in the Drug Treatment Alternative-to-Incarceration Program (DTAP) in a major metropolitan area criminal violence and drug use in residential treatment facilities Residential Substance Abuse Treatment (RSAT) programs for young offenders the long-term effectiveness of an adult drug court program illicit drug and injecting equipment markets inside English prisons and a clinical case report on children exposed in utero to crack cocaine Treating Substance Abusers in Correctional Contexts: New Understandings, New Modalities is must reading for graduate and undergraduate courses in criminal justice, corrections, offender rehabilitation, and substance abuse. The book is equally valuable as a primary textbook for continuing education coursework for counselors, psychologists, social workers, corrections officers, correctional administrators, and policymakers.
Call Number: HV8836.5 T74 2003
Publication Date: 2004
Clinical Interventions in Criminal Justice Settings: Evidence Based Practice by George T. Patterson; Warren K. GrahamClinical Interventions in Criminal Justice Settings balances theoretical frameworks and research methodology to examine the effective evidence-based practices and principles for populations within the criminal justice system. The book explores the major clinical issues that are relevant for adopting evidence-based practices and demonstrates how to implement them. Topics include legislation, law enforcement, courts, corrections, actuarial assessment instruments, treatment fidelity, diverse populations, mental illness, substance use and juvenile delinquency. Clinical Interventions in Criminal Justice Settings models opportunities for evidence-based practice during entry into the criminal justice system (arrest), prosecution (court, pretrial release, jail, and prison), sentencing (community supervision, incarceration), and corrections (jail, prison, probation and parole).
Publication Date: 2018
Why Our Drug Laws Have Failed and What We Can Do about It: A Judicial Indictment of the War on Drugs by James GrayOur drug prohibition policy is hopeless, just as Prohibition, our alcohol prohibition policy, was before it. Today there are more drugs in our communities and at lower prices and higher strengths than ever before. We have built large numbers of prisons, but they are overflowing with non-violent drug offenders. The huge profits made from drug sales are corrupting people and institutions here and abroad. And far from being protected by our drug prohibition policy, our children are being recruited by it to a lifestyle of drug use and drug selling. Judge GrayOCOs book drives a stake through the heart of the War on Drugs. After documenting the wide-ranging harms caused by this failed policy, Judge Gray also gives us hope. We have viable options. The author evaluates these options, ranging from education and drug treatment to different strategies for taking the profit out of drug-dealing. Many officials will not say publicly what they acknowledge privately about the failure of the War on Drugs. Politicians especially are afraid of not appearing tough on drugs. But Judge GrayOCOs conclusions as a veteran trial judge and former federal prosecutor are reinforced by the testimonies of more than forty other judges nationwide.
One of ATR's [Access to Recovery] goals was to provide services to those involved in the criminal justice system in the hopes that addressing substance abuse issues could reduce subsequent criminal behaviors. This study examines this goal by looking at recidivism among a sample of clients in one state's ATR program who returned to the community after incarceration.
Ray, Bradley et al. “Access to Recovery and Recidivism Among Former Prison Inmates.” International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology vol. 61,8 (2017): 874-893. doi:10.1177/0306624X15606688
Caudy, Michael S et al. “Does substance misuse moderate the relationship between criminal thinking and recidivism?.” Journal of criminal justice vol. 43,1 (2015): 12-19. doi:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2014.11.001
This quasi-experimental study is the first comprehensive analysis of Michigan’s Swift and Sure Sanctions Probation Program (SSSPP), an alternative-to-incarceration program. The findings indicate that SSSPP participants had lower recidivism rates compared with individuals sentenced to probation-as-usual.
DeVall, Kristen E., et al. “Intensive Supervision Programs and Recidivism: How Michigan Successfully Targets High-Risk Offenders.” The Prison Journal, vol. 97, no. 5, Nov. 2017, pp. 585–608, doi:10.1177/0032885517728876.