Skip to main content SC4 Library Logo

Fake News, Propaganda, and Misinformation

SC4 Library

Jane Lewandoski's picture
Jane Lewandoski
Contact:
Phone (810) 989-5640
Text (810) 515-7343
Tweet @sc4library
library@sc4.edu
Website

Evaluating sources

You should carefully evaluate all information, whether from a book, article, or website, by asking the following questions:

  • Who?  Who is the author of this source?
    • Are they qualified to write/speak on the subject?
    • Do you detect any bias on the author’s part in relation to the subject?
  • What? What is the source?
    • Does it have a title?
    • Is it a primary source, such as an original document or creative work or is it a secondary source, such as a report or analysis of primary sources?
    • Is it authoritative or trustworthy?
  • How?
    • How was the source produced?
    • Who is the publisher or sponsoring organization?
  • Where did you find the source?
    • Was it through a library’s databases or through an internet search engine that may list results in a biased or weighted manner?
  • When was the source published? 
    • Has it been replaced or updated?

MLA Handbook. 8th ed., The Modern Language Association, 2016, pp. 11-12.

 

 

Recognizing Online Propaganda, Bias, and Advertising

Concepts Unwrapped