Magazines are written for the general public. They often have a lot of advertisements in them.
Journals, on the other hand, are targeted to students or professionals working in a particular field. The usually have very few ads in them. The articles usually include bibliographies at at the end and the author's or authors' credentials (where they went to college and where they work) are given.
Sometimes a publication is peer-reviewed which means that all of the articles have been read and approved for publication by experts in the field.
Peer reviewed materials are excellent sources of information for scholarly papers!
Peer reviewed = Articles read & approved for publication by experts in the field
Experts = People with advanced degrees in the subject or who have worked in the field for many years
Peer reviewed journals
Experts in the field and students conducting research in the field will consult peer reviewed publications for scholarly information. Some examples of peer reviewed journals in information technology include those listed below but there are thousands of other publications in the field.
Trade journals are often used by people working in the field and students to find out what others in the field are working on or research that is about to be published in scholarly journals. The information in trade journals has not gone through the peer reviewed process, yet. It is a great place to consult, though, when looking for what is coming up in the field. Some examples of trade publications are listed below.
Someone who is not an expert in the field might consult a popular magazine. The information published is for the general public not experts in the field. For example, not being an expert in the field of cybersecurity, I might consult one of the following publications to find reviews of software to purchase for my home computer.
Mos of the library databases and the library OneSearch box make it easy to narrow your search results to specific materials! Below is a screen shot of how you can narrow your results in OneSearch but more information is available in the left-hand tabs of this guide.
black/white graphics & illustrations, many charts & graphs
pages consecutive throughout each volume
cover depicts industrial setting
pictures & illustrations in color
each issue starts with page 1
pictures & illustrations in color
students studying in a particular field, researchers, or professionals
members of a specific business, industry, or organization
research projects, methodology, & theory
articles written by contributing authors
industry trends, new products or techniques, & organizational news
articles written by staff or contributing authors
personalities, news, & general interest articles
articles written by staff, may be unsigned
may have short bibliographies
very few or no ads
all or most of the ads are trade related
many ads throughout
Critical Care Nurse
Journal of Small Business Management
Hospital Law Newsletter
Ladies Home Journal
Finding articles from peer reviewed journals and other sources is most efficiently accomplished by using the library databases.
The library databases:
More information about the MLA citation elements can be found at https://esearch.sc4.edu/MLA.
To save time finding full text scholarly sources of information!
The SC4 library subscribes to over 200 databases. The full list is available here. You can search the database individually or search them all at once by using the OneSearch box found on the library homepage. We will discuss using the OneSearch box later in this program.
The flowchart below is from an article cited under the chart. (Reading the article is not required!)
The flowchart shows the long process required to obtain peer reviewed status. The article or item may be published online with the label "submitted for peer review" beforehand.