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Anatomy & Physiology

Keywords & Subject heading

Try several different search terms and phrases, and take note of useful subjects or descriptors that appear in citations which are on-topic.  Try combining terms with the AND boolean operator to narrow your search. Here are some examples of searches:

  • "human anatomy"
  • "human physiology"
  • "physiological processes"
  • radiology

Advanced Search Strategies

Boolean Operators

One of the easiest ways to refine your search is to use the Boolean operators. The three most common Boolean operators are AND, OR, and NOT, but there are others available. The operators AND and NOT will narrow your search and OR will usually increase your search results.


 

Boolean operator

Function

Example

AND

· Narrows search result

· Finds articles/websites with both terms in them. Terms may not necessarily be next to each other

diabetes AND nursing (retrieves articles with both terms)

OR

· Broadens search result

· Use to combine similar terms. One or the other search term must appear in the article/website

· Put parentheses around your ORs

"evidence based" OR "patient centered" (retrieves articles with either term)

NOT

· Narrows search result

· Use to eliminate terms from search

diabetes NOT pediatric (eliminates articles that have the word pediatric in them)

 

Phrase searching

Most of the databases and search engines will AND the words of a phrase together. If you wish to search the term as a phrase, put quotation marks around it to refine your search.

human anatomy = human AND anatomy

“human anatomy” keeps the words of the phrase together

Truncation

Most databases use the asterisk * to truncate words. For example, child* will search for the words child or child’s or children. Another example is listed below.

develop* = develop + develops + development + developmental

Google automatically looks for the singular and plural of a word.

Combining some of the skills together

Some examples:

(nurse OR nursing) AND ("evidence based" OR "patient centered") AND diabetes

physiology AND ("kidney injuries" OR "kidney injury")


 

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Jane Lewandoski
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