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How to Navigate the Library

This guide provides an introduction to library resources and how to find, evaluate, use, and cite them.

Sources and Citations

Gathering information about the sources used is an important part of maintaining academic honesty. Each element helps to describe the documents, videos, images, etc. used in a paper and can be a helpful tool in evaluating sources for use in a scholarly paper. 

Citation Elements

Elements of a citation:

  • Author - Who is responsible for the creation of this work? May be a single author or editor or there may be no single individual responsible. 
  • Title of source - May be an article, webpage, chapter title, video title. 
  • Title of container - Where is this source located? The title of a book, journal, website, etc.
  • Other contributors - If there are additional contributors, indicate here.
  • Version
  • Number
  • Publisher - What organization or company is responsible for producing the work in this format? 
  • Publication date - be as specific as source allows. May be date published or last updated.
  • Location - of cited passage(s). May be a page number, URL, or DOI

All MLA citations use the same set of common elements.

Learn more about Elements.

Citation Examples

Website

Article from an online publication:

Lustgarten, Abrahm and Propublica. "A free market plan to save the American West from drought." The Atlantic, Mar. 2016, www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2016/03/a-plan-to-save-the-american-west-from-drought/426846/.

Article from an online reference work:

"DNA and RNA." Computational Medicine Center, Thomas Jefferson University, cm.jefferson.edu/learn/dna-and-rna/.

Books & eBooks

Chapter from an eBook:

Blackburn, Simon. "Egoism." Being good: a short introduction to ethics, OUP Oxford, 2001, pp. 29-36. EBSCOhost, sc4.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=e000xna&AN=438452&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

eBook:

Davis, Amy M. Good Girls and Wicked Witches : Changing Representations of Women in Disney's Feature Animation, 1937-2001. John Libbey Publishing, 2006. EBSCOhost, sc4.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=e000xna&AN=959459&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Chapter from a Book:

Andrea, Alfred J., and Andrew Holt, editors. "Myths of Innocence : The Making of the Children's Crusade." Seven myths of the Crusades, Hackett Publishing Company, Inc., 2015, pp. 91-105.

Book:

Price, Catherine. Vitimania: our obsessive quest for nutritional perfection. Penguin Press, 2015.

Journal & Magazine

Gretter, Sarah, and Aman Yadav. "Computational Thinking and Media & Information Literacy: An Integrated Approach to Teaching Twenty-First Century Skills." TechTrends, vol. 60, no. 5, 2016, pp. 510-6. ProQuest, 24 Aug. 2016. dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11528-016-0098-4

Newspaper

Hayes, Joseph. "Vos state's top athletic director. " Times Herald, Port Huron, Mich., 2016. ProQuest, 20 Sept. 2016. sc4.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/1797789818?accountid=41091