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MLA Citation Examples

Sources & Citations

Gathering information about the sources used is an important part of maintaining academic honesty. Each element helps to describe the documents, videos, images, etc. used in a paper and can be a helpful tool in evaluating sources for use in a scholarly paper. 

Citation Elements

Elements of a citation:

  • Author - Who is responsible for the creation of this work? May be a single author or editor or there may be no single individual responsible. 
  • Title of source - May be an article, webpage, chapter title, video title. 
  • Title of container - Where is this source located? The title of a book, journal, website, etc.
  • Other contributors - If there are additional contributors, indicate here.
  • Version
  • Number
  • Publisher - What organization or company is responsible for producing the work in this format? 
  • Publication date - be as specific as source allows. May be date published or last updated.
  • Location - of cited passage(s). May be a page number, URL, or DOI

All MLA citations use the same set of common elements.

Learn more about Elements


Article from an online publication

Lustgarten, Abrahm and Propublica. "A free market plan to save the American West from drought." The Atlantic, Mar. 2016,

Article from an online reference work

"DNA and RNA." Computational Medicine Center, Thomas Jefferson University,

Books & eBooks

Chapter from an eBook

Blackburn, Simon. "Egoism." Being good: a short introduction to ethics, OUP Oxford, 2001, pp. 29-36. EBSCOhost,


Davis, Amy M. Good Girls and Wicked Witches : Changing Representations of Women in Disney's Feature Animation, 1937-2001. John Libbey Publishing, 2006. EBSCOhost,

Chapter from a Book

Andrea, Alfred J., and Andrew Holt, editors. "Myths of Innocence : The Making of the Children's Crusade." Seven myths of the Crusades, Hackett Publishing Company, Inc., 2015, pp. 91-105.


Price, Catherine. Vitimania: our obsessive quest for nutritional perfection. Penguin Press, 2015.

Journal & Magazine

Gretter, Sarah, and Aman Yadav. "Computational Thinking and Media & Information Literacy: An Integrated Approach to Teaching Twenty-First Century Skills." TechTrends, vol. 60, no. 5, 2016, pp. 510-6. ProQuest, Accessed 21  Jan. 2017.


Hayes, Joseph. "Vos State's Top Athletic Director. " Times Herald, Port Huron, Mich., 2016. ProQuest, Accessed 21 Jan. 2017.


Deep Green Solutions to Stop Global Warming Now. Films Media Group, 2012, Accessed 22 Feb. 2017.


Faulhaber, Patrick,  American,born 1946. Route 66, 1997.


Liu, Arthur Wayne. "Make America Information Literate Again." 21 Jan. 2017, 5:34 p.m., Facebook, accessed 22 Jan. 2017.



Gale Literary Criticism

Ogede, Ode. "The Politics of Storytelling." Short Story Criticism, edited by Jelena Krstovic, vol. 105, Gale, 2008. Literature Resource Center, Accessed 22 Feb. 2017. Originally published in Achebe and the Politics of Representation: Form Against Itself, from Colonial Conquest and Occupation to Post-Independence Disillusionment, Africa World Press, Inc., 2001, pp. 101-114.

Social media

Liu, Arthur Wayne. "Make America Information Literate Again." 21 Jan. 2017, 5:34 p.m., Facebook, accessed 22 Jan. 2017.